What College Women Should Know


A 2015 Washington Post – Kaiser Family Foundation poll found that 1 of every 5 women in college — 20% — experience either rape or attempted rape while in school.

 

What can a young woman — or her parents — do to ensure that the college chosen takes this problem seriously, and is poised to assist and prevent?

 

Here are 5 things they can look for (from Ms. Magazine):

  1. Read the schools annual crime reports.  By federal law, any college or university which receives federal funds must collect statistics on certain crime,s including sexual assault.  These reports must be published, and many schools do so on the school’s website.  YOu can also use the Dept of Education’s Campus Safety and Security Data Analysis Cutting Tool.  (Note: fewer reported incidents do not necessarily mean fewer actual incidents; a lot depends on the climate of the school, and how open they are to such reports.  But it’s a place to start.
  2. Read the campus sexual misconduct policy.  Title IX requires that schools mush both adopt and publish grievance procedures, and thoroughly explain how a student may make a complaint.  There also must be investigation and resolution procedures, and protocols for disciplinary actions against the perpetrators.   It’s important to know how your school defines “consent”.  It’s also useful to see what the minimum penalties are for sexual assault vs other offenses, and whether the school has actual met those criterion.  By federal law, survivors of sexual assault are required to have no-contact orders and housing available to protect them after an assault, and it’s important to know if your school complies.
  3. Find out what campus health and emergency services are available to sexual assault survivors.  Ideally, there should be a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) on staff, or at the least an agreement with a local hospital to provide one.  Will the school provide STI and HIV testing, or offer pregnancy test or emergency contraceptives?  Is there access to a facility which can search for all the known substances used in drug-facility rape?  Ideally, all these services should be free of charge for survivors.
  4. Meet your school’s Title IX Coordinator.  Every school must have one, and if the coordinator does not have time to meet with you, it may be a sign that they are over-extended and unable to affectively do their job.  If you do meet with the coordinator, ask if the school is under investigation, or has entered into a voluntary compliance agreement.
  5. Look for student activist groups.  Peers can be an important resource.  Many schools are safer because of student-led prevention and bystander trainings, task forces, social justice clubs, gender and sexual diversity programs, or a Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) with student involvement.

 

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Consent Education in Schools and More


If This Bill Passes, Federal Law Will Mandate Consent Education in Public Schools

by on • 1:56 PM

Right now, federal law does not require health or sex education to include sexual assault prevention – but that could change with a new bill introduced by Senators Claire McCaskill (D-MO) and Tim Kaine (D-VA).

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via Gary Knight

The Teach Safe Relationships Act of 2015, which was introduced earlier this month, would require all public secondary schools in the country to include teaching “safe relationship behavior” in order to help prevent domestic violence and sexual assault. Women between 16 and 24 experience the highest rate of intimate partner violence, making the bill particularly important in ending an epidemic of sexual violence.

McCaskill, who has also pushed legislation to combat military sexual assault, noted that sexual assault prevention starts young. “One thing we’ve learned in our work to curb sexual violence on campuses and in the military is that many young people learn about sex and relationships before they turn 18,” she said in a recent statement. “And one of the most effective ways to prevent sexual violence among adults is to educate our kids at a younger age.”

She was echoed by Kaine. “Education can be a key tool to increase public safety by raising awareness and helping to prevent sexual assault and domestic violence, but many students are leaving high school without learning about these crimes that disproportionately impact young people,” he said in a press release. “With the alarming statistics on the prevalence of sexual assault on college campuses and in communities across the country, secondary schools should play a role in promoting safe relationship behavior and teaching students about sexual assault and dating violence.”

The Act came after Sen. Kaine met with members of One Less, a University of Virginia group that advocates for rape and sexual assault survivors. UVA’s policies surrounding campus sexual assault have been in the spotlight since Rolling Stone released an article about the college’s mishandling of a gang rape.

 

Media Resources: The Huffington Post 2/3/2015; Sen. Claire McCaskill Press Release 2/3/2015; Tim Kaine

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Study: College athletes are more likely to gang rape

Nine things you may not have known about college sexual assault, according to an insurance company